Godox is revolutionizing flash photography. Their offering constitutes a systems based approach for through the lens (TTL), high speed sync (HSS) and remote manual mode flash photography with state of the art 2.4GHz wireless communication between transmitter on camera and remote flashes. This enables unrivaled flexibility in working on location and in the studio.

This tutorial describes the Godox 2.4GHz wireless flash system. Although Godox offers this system for many different camera systems, the tutorial focuses on using it with Nikon cameras to simplify the description. However, the concepts apply to all supported camera systems equally.

At the time of writing the Godox 2.4GHz wireless flash system is available for Nikon, Canon and Sony (Figure 1-1). Godox strives to expand it to even more camera systems.

Figure 1-1) Godox supports Nikon, Canon and Sony camera systems (per Aug. 2016)
Figure 1-1) Godox supports Nikon, Canon and Sony camera systems (per Aug. 2016)


In principle, a wireless flash system consists of two parts: One unit mounted on camera that controls remote flashes, called transmitter or master flash and many flash units called slave flashes. The transmitter or master flash mounted on the camera serves two purposes: first to set up the remote flash units, selecting flash mode & flash power and second to trigger the remote slave flashes.

The Godox 2.4GHz wireless flash system consists of two parts (Figure 2-1):

  1. Transmitter: The offering consists of transmitters or master flashes (flash with integrated transmitter) to control the slave flashes. Some Godox flashes can be used as either master flash on camera or remote slave flash.
  2. Slave flashes: The offering consists of a whole range of wireless flash units including speed lights, portable flash units and studio flash units. It is also possible to control Nikon speedlights through the Godox X1R-N receiver.
Figure 2–1) Godox 2.4 GHz wireless flash control system
Figure 2–1) Godox 2.4GHz wireless flash control system

Godox 2.4GHz Transmitters and Master Flashes

The Godox 2.4GHz wireless flash system offers three options to control and trigger slave flashes (Figure 3-1):

  1. Godox Transmitter X1T-N: The transmitter mounted on camera allows to set flash power & mode of the slave flashes and triggers the slave flashes through wireless communication.
  2. Godox Speedlight TT685-N and v860ii-N: The speed light mounted on camera in master flash mode allows to set flash mode and flash power of the slave flashes and triggers the slave flashes through wireless communication.
  3. Godox WITSTRO AD360iiN: The portable flash mounted on camera (or connected through a i-TTL cable to camera) in master flash mode allows to set flash mode and flash power of the slave flashes and triggers the slave flashes through wireless communication.

In studio settings the preferred way to control and trigger the slave flashes is by using the transmitter X1T-N as it adds only little weight to the camera. However, in event photography a speedlight, TT685-N or V860ii-N on camera is in most situations extremely valuable. The possibility to control and trigger the slave flashes from the on camera flash through wireless communication adds incredible flexibility. In some situation, the flash on camera is all that is needed. In other situations where remote flashes are added they can be set up from the speedlight mounted on camera; there is no need to change to a trigger unit.

Figure 3–1) Godox 2.4GHz wireless transmitter and master flash units
Figure 3–1) Godox 2.4GHz wireless transmitter and master flash units

Godox 2.4GHz Flashes

The Godox 2.4GHz flash system enables flash units to be set up and triggered through wireless communication. It includes a large range of flash units covering a broad range of flash power both, battery powered and line voltage powered (Figure 4-1):

  1. Portable flash unit (speedlight type) – TT685 and V860II
  2. Portable flash unit – WITSTRO AD360ii
  3. Portable monolight – WITSTRO AD600
  4. Studio monolight – QT400ii and QT600ii

Organizing Flashes into Channels and Groups

The slave flash units are controlled and triggered by either a transmitter or a master flash mounted on camera. In order to address the remote flash units from the transmitter or master flash a concept of channels and groups is used. Each remote flash can be assigned to one channel and to one group:

  • Channels: Channels are used to assign flashes to one specific lighting setup used by a photographer. Different channels separate control of flash units between photographers in proximity. Each photographer uses a different channel setting to not interfere with one another in the same proximity. Therefore, the channel setting is set to the same specific number on all flashes and on the transmitter or the master flash.
  • Groups: Groups are used to assign flashes to a set of flashes that can be controlled independently of each other within a channel.

Any flash unit assigned the same channel number as set on the transmitter or master flash will receive the trigger signal to fire the flash when a picture is taken. All flashes within the channel will fire, except if the group was set to disabled (off) mode.

The Godox 2.4GHz wireless flash system accounts for:

  • 32 Channels: 1, 2, 3, … 32
  • 5 Groups: A, B, C, D, E (where channel D and E do not support TTL)

Consider the lighting setup in Figure 5-1. There are four lights organized into three groups within one channel, set to channel number 01:

  • Main light: Group A
  • Hair light: Group B
  • Background lights: Group C

The flash mode and flash power of each flash in the group are set from on the transmitter unit. The transmitter unit communicates these settings to the slave flashes through wireless communications. The settings on the commander unit are:

  • Main light: Group A set to TTL with a +0.7 step compensation
  • Hair light: Group B set to manual power of 1/32
  • Background light: Group C set to manual power of 1/16
Figure 5–1) Lighting set-up: Flash units organized in channels and groups to control the flash units independently of each other
Figure 5–1) Lighting set-up: Flash units organized in channels and groups to control the flash units independently of each other

Setting up Flash Units

Short setup time is crucial in any shooting. Therefore, usability of the slave flashes, master flashes and transmitters are of high importance. Godox designed the user interfaces very concise and well aligned across the product family. The key functions are easily accessible.
Setting up the flash units and the transmitter for a lighting set includes four simple steps (See Figure 6-1):

  1. Plan the lighting setup
    • Select flash units
  2. Setup slave flash units:
    • Set flash units to wireless slave mode
    • Set flash units to a specific channel; e.g. Channel = 01
    • Set individual flash units to belong to a specific group for control from the transmitter or master flash
  3. Setup transmitter or master flash:
    • In case of a master flash set master flash to wireless master mode
    • Set channel to the same channel number as slave flashes; e.g. Channel = 01
    • Set flash mode and compensation or power level for all groups
  4. Test the communication to see that the wireless communication is working
    • Press the test button on the transmitter or the master flash
Figure 6–1) Setting up Godox flash units in four simple steps
Figure 6–1) Setting up Godox flash units in four simple steps

Nikon Speedlights as Part of the Godox System

Nikon speedlights can easily be integrated into the Godox 2.4GHz system. This is accomplished by connecting a Nikon speedlight to a Godox X1R-N receiver. This enables the transmitter or the master flash to control the Nikon speedlight through the receiver.

The added receiver integrates the Nikon speedlight fully into the Godox 2.4GHz system supporting remote manual, through the lens (TTL), and high speed sync (HSS) flash mode. Nikon speedlights with the attached X1R-N receiver can be used together with any Godox 2.4GHz wireless flash unit.

Using Nikon, Canon and Sony Cameras in same Lighting Setup

The Godox WITSTRO AD360ii and WITSTRO AD600 portable flashes offer great flexibility when shooting with Nikon, Canon or Sony camera system on the same set. These flash units can be controlled from a Nikon X1T-N, a X1T-C and a X1T-S without changing any settings.

Imagine you are taking pictures with a Nikon camera with attached Godox X1T-N transceiver controlling two remote Godox WITSTRO AD600 flashes. A second photographer one the set has a Canon camera with a X1T-C transceiver mounted on the camera. Without changing anything on the slave flashes he or she can control the flashes and take pictures with the Canon camera. All flash modes including TTL are supported.

The AD360ii and AD600 flash units interoperate with X1T-N, X1T-C, or X1T-S transmitter mounted on a respective Nikon, Canon or Sony camera’s hot shoe. This means a photographer, or photographers, using Nikon, Canon and Sony cameras can effectively share the same set of flash units on the set without changing any setting on the flash units.
Of course, Godox 2.4GHz TTL enabled master hot shoe flashes can be used in the same way as the transmitter unit on camera to control the slave flash units.

Adding Light Modifiers

A very broad spectrum of light modifiers can be attached to Godox flash units due to the Bowens mount connector interface. There are many manufacturers that offer their light modifiers with a Bowens speeding:

  • Godox studio and portable monolights come with a Bowens mount connector. Light modifiers attach directly to the monolight.
  • Godox portable flash units AD360ii and Godox speedlights TT685, V860ii and other Godox speedlights do not directly have the capability to be attached to light modifiers. However, they can be attached to light modifiers indirectly through a Godox S bracket. The Godox S Bracket provides a nice mount for the speedlights and portable flash units to a light stand and includes a very well-engineered tilt function.
  • Nikon speedlights do not directly have the capability to be attached to light modifiers. However, they can also be attached to light modifiers indirectly through a Godox S bracket.

Light modifiers with Bowens mount are ubiquitous and there are modifiers for almost all lighting circumstances available. In case you do already own light modifiers with another mount, you might be able to convert them to Bowens mount by replacing the speedring with a Bowens type speedring.

Using Speedlights with Godox Flash Brackets

Godox flash brackets add extreme flexibility in adding light modifiers to portable flash units and to speedlights. It allows for light modifiers with Bowens speedring, for umbrellas with shaft, and for light modifiers that directly snap on the 150mm front disk of bracket.
For even greater flexibility, Godox manufactures flash brackets for three different light modifier mounts:

  • S type: Bowens,
  • S-EC type: Elinchrom, and
  • S-C: Comet.

Although the Bowens mount is the preferred option because it is the same mount as on the monolights and studio lights, the other options just increase the flexibility.


Godox continuously adds features to their product line and expands their product line with new and innovative products. At the time of writing, these two innovations are rumored to be available soon:

  • Camera Support: As far as I know, Godox is working on extending the 2.4GHz wireless system to Fuji camera system.

Godox FlashPoint Branding

The Godox 2.4GHz wireless flash system is sold by Adorama in the US, rebranded under the brand name Flashpoint R2 TTL wireless. At the time of writing the flash units are essentially the same, only differentiated by naming. The following table translates between Godox and Adorama naming.

Godox Naming Adorama Naming
Godox WITSTRO AD600B Flash (Bowens Mount) Flashpoint Explore 600 Flash (Bowens Mount)
Godox Extension head H600B
(Bowens Mount)
Flashpoint Portable Extension Head 600Ws for XPLOR 600 (Bowens Mount)
Godox Flash WITSTRO AD360ii Flashpoint StreakLight 360 with BP-960 Power Pack
Godox Flash V860ii Flashpoint Zoom Li-on R2 TTL On-Camera Flash
Godox Flash TT685 Flashpoint Zoom R2 TTL On-Camera Flash
Godox Transmitter X1T Flashpoint R2 i-TTL Wireless 2.4 G Flash Remote Trigger Transmitter
Godox Receiver X1R Flashpoint R2 i-TTL Wireless 2.4 G Flash Remote Trigger Receiver


If you plan on buying Godox flashes, I recommend the following stores. All these stores offers stellar service, both before and after sales.


I do own the following Godox equipment which I purchased from Adorama (USA), Fotichästli (Switzerland) and sellers in China and Hong Kong. I use them together with Nikon cameras. I do not have any relationship with Godox.

  • 1 x Godox Flash WITSTRO AD600B (Flashpoint Explore 600)
  • 1 x Godox Extension Head H600B
  • 1 x Godox AD600 AC Power Adapter
  • 2 x Godox Flash WITSTRO AD360iiN (FlashPoint StreakLight 360)
  • 2 x Godox Flash V860iiN (Flashpoint Zoom Li-on)
  • 1 x Godox Flash TT685N (Flashpoint Zoom)
  • 2 x Godox Transmitter X1T-N
  • 2 x Godox Receiver X1R-N
  • 4 x Godox Bracket S type; Bowens
  • 2 x Godox Bracket S-EC type; Elinchrom


  1. Thank you for your time and effort!
    Very informative! I am really pleased with Godox

    Just for reference: I use the Godox Nikon System.
    But it also works perfecly on my Fuji X-T10 (Of course Nikon TTL and Nikon HSS is not working with my Fuji)

  2. Can I use an X1T-S to trigger a X1R-N? I have an extra Nikon SB600 I would like to trigger via my Sony a6300 with a Godox X1T-S on it (and I have a TT685s).

  3. Thanks for the article.
    Do you know if I can use my TT685C (canon) as a off camera slave for a X1R-N nikon master (similar to how an AD600 would operate)?
    If so what level of functionality (trigger only, HSS, manual power control, TTL)

  4. I have 2 Wistro AD600’s and an X1N transmitter mounted on Nikon D750. They work fine in manual mode but will not trigger when the transmitter is set for TTL. Any ideas why?

  5. Very thorough and useful article. Thank you.
    Tell me, if someone is using two QT400ii for example, it would be easy to get a specific x-fstop difference between key and fill lights by using TTL + .7 on one and TTL – .3 on the other, right?

    • In my previous comment, I meant to get a 1-stop difference, you would dial any combination between the two flashes that add up to 1 (such as +.7 and -.3).
      But that does not work. Could it be that the two flashes interfere when light gets measured?
      Only one flash can be set to TTL then?
      BTW, is the a TTL setting on those flashes or are they just “following” the X1T trigger?

  6. I wonder if two transmitters can control the same flashes? I shoot events with two cameras.

    P.s. Very informative thank you for taking the time to write this

    • Yes, two transmitters can control the same flashes. I use two Nikon cameras on the set, both with an X1T-N transmitter mounted to control the same flashes.
      When changing cameras, press the test button on the transmitter of the camera you are switching to. This sets the slave flashes to the mode and power set on the transmitter in use.

  7. How to set up godox transmitter mounted on the camera nikon with a flash on top of it.aswell as the received being set up with another flash. All nikon. My flash does not fire from the transmitter which is mounted from the camera. Please help.

  8. Here’s a really basic question: What should the setting be on a speedlight connected to the R2 receiver to enable the flash output to be controlled with the R2 transmitter? (At least with my Phottix speedlight, setting the speedlight to manual prevents the R2 transmitter from making any difference. Should it be set to TTL?)

    • Hi Robby, Yes aou can use multiple cameras with each having an x1 transmitter to control one flash. I use this configuration sometimes with two cameras such that I do not have to switch lenses. The settings from the transmitter of the camera that you are using are sent to the flash. I typically press the test button on the x1 transmitter on the camera I pick up. This ensures that the settings are transmitted. Hope this helps.

  9. I have a Nikon D7000, and an SB 910 speedlite. I’m about to purchase the Godox X1N to:
    a. control and trigger the speedlite, and then later, once I can afford them
    b. control and trigger some Godox AD600MB.s

    I’ve heard rumours, that when the X1N receiver is used with the SB910, I need to set the speedlite to TTL, and that while I can adjust the power through the transmitter, and it will fire at the selected power, the actual setting, will not be seen on the LED screen for the 910. Do you know, if this is correct?

    Any help here, will be gratefully received. Thanks!

    • Hi Phil, To control the SB-910 you would need a X1T-N on the Nikon camera and an X1R-N attached to the Nikon speedlight. Unfortunately I am not able to test your setting right now. In any event, I think you are correct; the SB-910 will not show the actual setting. In my view this is not really necessary because you are setting the actual power or ttl setting on the transmitter anyway. Hope this helps. Ted

    • The Godox Witstro 200 has the Godox 2.4GHz X Radio System built in. You can trigger it with the Godox X1 transmitter mounted on the camera. Select the appropriate transmitter for your camera system, e.g. for Canon, Nikon, or Sony.

  10. Thanks for the informative piece. Your article convinced me to invest in a Godox system for studio and sports work. My equipment: Godox V860II-N Speedlite; X1T Transmitter; Nikon D500.

    I want to disable what appears to be a pre-flash when using the the V860 in wireless i-ttl mode. The D500 modeling flash menu>e5 is disabled. The issue is not present when the V860 is mounted on the camera.

  11. Excellent and very much useful !
    Ive Nikon SB500 & SB 800. Can i control both the flashes with Godox X1T on my Nikon D850 ? or should i buy two receivers of Godox X1R.

  12. This is the best resource fo Godox anywhere. The transmitter has a hot shoe. Can a second transmitter be used to fire a remote SB800? I have a few of them! When no using 2 bodies, I would like to use the second transmitter as a receiver.

  13. Hi Ted, good review and read all. Thank you very much. I could not be sure that If I want to use 1 pcs of Godox Monolight Wistro AD600B and 1 pcs of TT685N or V860IIN together which are integrated 2.4 GHZ radio receiver, Can I trigger them with only 1pcs of X1 trigger If I adjust them both same group and channel?
    Wistro Ad600 – A Group Channel 1
    TT685 N Flash – A Group Channel 1
    X1 Trigger – A Group Channel 1
    Could you please answer if you do some test or if you have experience about this issue?
    Thanks in advance & Have a nice day.

    • Hi Huso,
      Thank you very much for your comments. I do appreciate it.
      I just verified that the setup you describe works. I used the following setup:
      – Godox AD200 set to Ch 1 and Group A
      – Godox V860iiN set to Ch 1 and Group A
      – Camera with Xpro-N iTTL transmitter set to Ch 1

      a) On the transmitter on the camera I dialed in TTL mode for Group A. All other groups are off. Both flash units are set to TTL mode and are controlled to get a proper exposed picture.
      b) On the transmitter on the camera I dialed in M Mode with 1/16 power for Group A. All other groups are off. Both flash units are set to manual mode with 1/16 power.

      I hope this helps.

  14. Hi Ted
    A very clear article to read and thank you for sharing this
    Do you have expirimented wit stroboscopic or multi flash with TT685N flashes and the X1 trigger?
    I have been asked to do some shooting in a karate school and i like to shoot wit multi flash while the karateka is flying tru the air in a high kick.
    the menu is not quite clear to me and i wander if you give me some tips.
    equipement: nikonD700, 6 TT685-N flashes, S-brackets,2 80×80 and 2 60×60 boxes to put on the s-brackets. and some umbrella s
    thanks anyway if you wil respond to me
    greetings from Holland
    Gert Schipper

    • Dear Gert,
      Thank you very much. Unfortunately I do not have any experience in multi flash or stroboscopic use of the Godox or any other flash equipment. This is a function that I have not used at all in my photography. A photographer that I admire and that is also using the Godox system is Mark Kitaoka. He is in dance photography and might have used the flashes the way you are investigating. I would write to him. See: http://www.markkitaoka.com/latest-news/using-the-godox-system/. His email is: mark@markkitaoka.com. I hope this helps.

  15. Thank you for sharing this info! Very thorough explanations that are extremely helpful. I use Nikon bodies and have Nikon Speedlights and planning to go with the Flashpoint XPLOR 600 Pro. I am happy to see a solution where I can still trigger my Nikon Speedlights.

  16. Hi Ted,

    This is a wonderful compilation/summary of Godox system. Very helpful for someone who is new to the system. I am picking up information left and right in little pieces to learn about Godox.

    Because you have all the gear, and I don’t, may I ask you a question?

    I happen to have a Nikon DSLR, and a pile of SB-800s. What I want to do is attach a Godox Transmitter X1T-N to my D800E. And also one Godox Receiver X1R-N per each of the four SB-800.
    And what I want to do is turn on Auto FP/HSS on my D800E, so that it can go all the way up to 1/8000th of a second.

    And then with the X1T-N commander I want to dial in a manual setting for each SB-800.

    So I guess my question is, can I have both Full Manual + HSS/Auto FP?

    Thank you!! Keep up the great research!

  17. Hallo Ted, your info’s helped me a lot. Great job. I’d like to ask you something. Have NIKON D600 and just bought a GODOX V860 II (N) and the Godox X1T-Ν TTL 2.4GHz. I want to use the flash as a slave and Not as a master unit. I also want to shoot with High Speed Sync. So, i set on my Nikon- menu- Bracketing/flash on 250sec and then it supposes the flash Godox syncs. Could you help me with the procedure analytically? Thanks a lot. Stavros

  18. Hello,
    I use 2 TT685-N or 2 AD200 pro with an Xpro-N.
    Sometimes, in mode mirror up and Electronic Front-Curtain Shutter, in TTL, the pre-flashes are working, but the flashes are not firing.
    I change the group A for B, the channel 1 for 5.
    So, I turn off the flashes, the Xpro and the Nikon D810. Usualy, it is ok for sometimes.
    What can I do ?
    Thank you.


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